full stack developer skills
Everything You Wanted to Know About Full stack developer skill
Everybody loves technology and the subsequent products of technology. And since the birth of technology, humans have spent many hours interacting with technology, directly or indirectly. A recent audience report stated that the average American spends around 10 hours daily using their smartphone, tablet, or computer, watching TV shows, or playing video games. The truth remains that everybody benefits from technology in one way or another. In addition, technology can be and has been a unique tool in our daily routines.
But have you ever wondered who is responsible for the applications installed on these devices? Ask someone, and they might tell you it is a web developer. While this answer might be partially correct, the umbrella, most accurate, and specific term to use is Full Stack developer. Full Stack developers are experts responsible for the development of full-fledged applications.
A Full Stack developer’s skillset consists of two general fields, including;
- Front-end development
- Back-end development
Find out more details about these fields in the sections below.
Top Skills to Become a Full-Stack Developer
As mentioned above, front-end and back-end development are the two general fields that constitute a Full Stack developer’s skillset. Therefore, Full Stack developer is the perfect term for professional versatility in this modern world. These professionals are versatile because they are trained and experienced in front and back-end web development. And that explains why most companies and brands crave these multi-talented experts.
Before we dive into Full Stack developers in detail, here are the top ten skills you need to become a qualified Full Stack developer;
- Back-end Languages
- Git and GitHub
- REST and SOAP
- Web Architecture
- Technology Stacks
- Database Storage and Management Systems
- Fundamentals of Designs
- Soft Skills
What is a full-stack developer?
Worry no more if you have been wondering who a Full Stack developer is because we have your answer. The Full Stack developer title comes from Full Stack technology which refers to a computer system application’s entire depth (https://sonatafy.com/what-is-a-full-stack-developer-what-jobs-do-they-perform/). Therefore, a Full Stack developer has the talent, qualifications, skills, and experience to build front-end and back-end in web development.
The front end typically includes all the integrations the client or the site’s viewer can see. The Forbes Magazine notes that working for them as a front-end developer, you will be expected to (1):
“Work closely with the product owner to build interactive, large scale web applications and PWAs.”
To put this into perspective, imagine using your Instagram or Facebook application. In this scenario, you are used to updating content loading on the screen every time you refresh the application.
That is not all! You are also used to doing so much with the application, including the following;
- Uploading new pictures or videos
- Liking other people’s photos or videos
- Commenting on your new graphics or other people’s images or videos
- Searching for people’s profiles, etc., at just the click of a button.
While this user experience is seamless, a lot happens in the back end. The process begins with the Instagram or Facebook servers receiving HTTP requests to retrieve and load new information. Back-end frameworks play a significant role here.
And this begs the question, what does a Full Stack developer do? These professionals are responsible for designing an application’s front and back ends. They are also responsible for ensuring that whatever they have designed and developed is efficient and reliable. In other words, they are typically associated with an application’s creation from start to finish.
Learn more about the front-end and back-end of web development in the following sections.
What is Front-end Development?
By now, you have heard the term front-end development multiple times. But what does it mean? As mentioned above, front-end development is programming or coding that Full Stack developers do on a website’s front end. Generally, all applications in your smartphone or laptop have these three integrations;
- The front-end
- The back end.
- The database
According to Forbes Magazine (2):
“Website development strategies have been evolving continuously over the past two decades or so. There are several reasons behind it, like improving infrastructure, higher bandwidths, more developers in the game, etc. “
Front-end web development is also popular in many countries as client-side web development. This name was derived from the specific tasks that these web developers do. You may wonder what these particular tasks are. The main one involves creating everything clients and users see and interact with on an application or website.
- Graphics, etc.
- How users navigate through the website
- Overall layout
- Search bar
After receiving the design and vision concept from the client, the front-end web developer works on it and implements it via code. In other words, a front-end developer must work on a website’s look and feel. Besides that, they must ensure that the website or application looks appealing on all gadgets, including computer screens, smartphones, and tablets.
Becoming an expert in front-end development is as simple as learning the three main programming languages mentioned at the beginning of this section. That is.
- CSS, which refers to Cascading Style Sheets. Full Stack developers mainly use this language when styling web pages. This includes incorporating layouts, animations, and colors.
- HTML, which stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is a valuable tool for displaying content like links, headings, lists, paragraphs, and buttons on the web page.
Getting a Job as a Front-end Developer
After knowing these languages well, you can begin paying attention to other helpful tools like libraries and frameworks. This step brings you closer to getting a job as a Front-end developer. Just learn the technical aspects of front-end web development before focusing on preparing your job application materials. Once you are confident with your technical and soft skills, make the best use of a few available online resources that you can learn from and land the front-end developer job of your dreams. Want to learn which programming languages earns the most demand? Check it out here.
What is Back-End Development?
First, the back end is like the backbone of any website or application. Therefore, if you have been wondering what back-end development means, don’t worry. In other words, back-end development is the entire server-side development process involving developers writing code that typically forms a website or application’s backbone. According to Thanh Pham (3),
“The backend is where most of the magic happens. This backend has been said to be the engine of a website, as it is where developers get to define how the website will function.”
Therefore, this career field typically involves everything that runs behind the scenes of an application or website. Have you ever asked yourself the following questions?
- What exactly makes a simple button click navigate you to a new page?
- Also, where exactly do someone’s username, password, and other personal information go whenever they sign up or log in to a website?
- Plus, how is this process so seamless?
These are the primary areas where back-end web developers highlight their expertise. These professionals, especially the established ones, have years of experience creating and maintaining the mechanisms of processing information before executing actions on applications and websites.
From what you have learned above, front-end developers’ primary responsibility is building and maintaining everything users can see on an application or website. Unlike them, back-end web developers are responsible for everything users cannot see and interact with, including server-side functions like data storage and security.
With back-end developers, it is easier for companies and organizations to have an online presence. Furthermore, social media exists thanks to back-end web development, which is vital in accessing online information. But here is the thing! Since the late 20th century, the evolution of web development has been faster than anyone could have imagined.
The core importance of the internet and web development to humans’ digital world and existence only means one thing; web developers (back-end developers in this case) will continue to be in high demand even in the coming days. You can learn the technical and soft skills required to be a qualified back-end developer.
Getting a Job as a Back-end Developer
Today, the typical steps of learning back-end developer skills and becoming an expert in this field include.
- Enrolling in a Computer Science course at a recognized institution
- Specializing in Software Development
- Starting to retain not less than two back-end languages
- Learning about hosting and frameworks
- Learning about databases
- Securing a placement in an internship program to acquire additional skills.
- Gaining more technical experience as a back-end web developer.
- Building a good resume and portfolio
Difference Between Full-Stack Developer & Software Engineer
The main difference between a Full Stack developer and a software engineer is that a Full Stack web developer pays more attention to web applications. On the other hand, a software engineer’s job description involves working on native applications that users can download on their systems. Forbes Magazine further explains that a software engineer is (4):
“The BLS defines a software engineer as someone who “designs computer applications or programs.” Software engineers can work in just about any industry, even outside of tech.”
Let’s have a more detailed look at how these two professions differ.
Full Stack development is a section of software development or software engineering that deals with client-side development, servers, and databases. However, it is essential to note that while Full Stack development and software engineering are different, many of their skills overlap. With this in mind, a huge demand exists for both fields.
Full Stack developers are usually trained to access all aspects of web applications and help their team members find practical solutions to problems related to this field. This makes them experts in every application or web page development step. As a Full Stack developer, your client will expect you to handle the server-side and client-side development without facing any issues.
There is no doubt that software engineers have an in-depth knowledge of programming and everything that involves the development and maintenance of software. However, many software engineers nowadays prefer focusing on one specific aspect of developing software, making them specialists. The field of software engineering is broad as compared to Full Stack development.
This all-inclusive nature can range from a C++ specialist to an embedded engineer. To become a software engineer, you must cover many areas of software development, including those covered by a Full Stack developer.
How Much Can a Full Stack Developer Earn?
Employers and locations usually determine Full Stack developers’ salary trajectory. Also, considering other factors that may apply, like years of experience, a Full Stack developer can earn from $66,000 on average annually to as high as an average salary of approximately $79,000 annually. With patience, you can quickly grow from an entry-level web developer to a Full Stack software developer of all experience levels. This growth translates to higher pay.
Full-Stack Developer Skills
The following are the most popular skills for Full Stack developers.
HTML and CSS
In long form, HTML or Hypertext Markup Language is a non-negotiable Full Stack developer skill that significantly incorporates web content. Full Stack developers use this standardized system to attain color, hyperlink, font, and graphic effects on web pages by tagging text files. Working with Hypertext Markup Language is crucial. That is where markup comes in to help Full Stack developers define web pages’ structure.
On the other side, CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is a personalization tool software developers, including Full Stack developers, use to design and style a website. CSS and HTML attract potential clients because they largely determine a website’s feel and look.
HTML and CSS go hand in hand because proficiency in CSS means effectively presenting the HTML elements. Therefore, if you want to be good at developing interactive, engaging, and intuitive front end for apps, you must be extensively knowledgeable in these two programming languages.
Git and GitHub,
Git and GitHub are the other required Full Stack developer skills for individuals who want to build successful Full Stack developer career paths. Undoubtedly, if you are an aspiring or established software developer, you have heard people mentioning Git and GitHub. These two play a vital role in the development flow for most businesses, companies, and organizations.
First, as a “distributed version control system,” Git helps Full Stack developers manage all their development needs. Furthermore, it is a reliable tool for Full Stack development because it offers efficiency and speed for all projects, from small to large scale. Git helps you keep track of changes and errors. In other words, you can use Git to seamlessly manage all the changes made to codes, documents, applications, software, websites, etc.
You can also use this tool to manage other information linked with developing any application or software. If you plan to work in a team of professional software developers, it is mandatory to have a GitHub profile.
BackEnd Development Languages
If you are new in the software development world, specifically in the Full Stack development field, we recommend enrolling in a Full Stack web development course. This is the first and most essential step to learning the obligatory programming languages Full Stack developers use daily.
Python, PHP, and Ruby are some languages a Full Stack developer must be well conversant with to improve their back-end development experience. Java, a multipurpose programming language, also fits in this category.
Ask a leading software development company like Sonatafy Technology to suggest software development wizards; Full Stack developers will be on the list. Why is that the case? The answer is simple. Full Stack developers are talented and equipped with many front-end and back-end development skills. To become a successful Full Stack developer, you must deeply understand the web architecture basics.
Remember that as a Full Stack developer, your primary responsibility will be creating complex software applications from start to finish. Therefore, it would be best to know how code-structuring and categorizing files are done. Other must-know procedures include structuring the data in databases and executing the necessary computational responsibilities.
Database Management Systems
There is no denying that all websites today must have a feature that stores data in a safe place. And that’s where database management systems come in. A database is typically where the software developer keeps the application’s data. To put this into perspective, think of a popular e-commerce website. The data stored, in this case, would be about the company’s products and users. Another good example is a social media platform whose data revolves around the users and their posts.
A Full Stack developer writes the code needed to achieve relational mapping. This process helps obtain data from a website or application’s database. NoSQL (non-relational) and SQL (relational) are the two significant databases, with MongoDB being one of the most popular NoSQL database services. Depending on the type of services they offer, some firms and organizations prefer using one of these databases, while others use both.
Fundamentals of Designs
The fundamentals of designs also form part of essential Full Stack developer skills. Being proficient in front-end and back-end technologies is only complete with fundamental design skills. For aesthetic purposes, Full Stack developers need basic design skills. Undoubtedly a website or an application needs to have an aesthetic appearance. This way, it will look appealing and attractive to the target audience.
That’s why front-end design knowledge and experience are vital. To achieve the ultimate goal of winning the hearts of as many users as possible. It is essential to note that the more an application is user-friendly and neat in its design, the higher the likelihood of attracting more traffic and transforming it into sales and revenue.
REST and SOAP
On one side, REST refers to a set of guidelines offering a more flexible implementation. In simpler terms, REST is like a translator between the back and front end. That’s because it is typically an interface between systems that use the HTTP procedure to collect information or execute operations on the data. As a Full Stack developer, it is essential to master REST because it occupies a significant part of Full Stack development.
Conversely, SOAP refers to a protocol that features specific requirements. Developers first designed this Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) to help applications created with different programming languages and on various platforms communicate without issues. In addition, this standard protocol comes with increased complexity and overhead due to the way it imposes in-built rules.
Everything you learn about SOAP makes it a skill worth acquiring if you intend to follow the Full Stack development direction.
In Full Stack development, developers must have enough knowledge of the tech stacks, including all the skillsets and technologies necessary for a project to be complete. Here, each component is considered a stack. It is also essential to note that a technology stack can be web, software, or mobile-specific.
The popular stacks among Full Stack developers include.
- LEMP stack
- LAMP stack
- Django stack
- MEAN stack.
- Ruby on Rails
The Full Stack developer skills are typically divided into two categories; technical skills and soft skills. While technical skills are good in shaping how a Full Stack developer delivers, they can’t achieve this goal 100% without the involvement of soft skills. This tells you that an ideal balance of technical software development knowledge and soft skills is always necessary.
With that said, the primary soft skills you must have to become an expert in Full Stack development someday include practical time management skills, attention to detail, and patience.
Other must-have soft skills for every Full Stack developer include;
- Curiosity for learning
- Creative vision
- Strategic planning
- Problem-solving skills
- Analytical skills
Tips To Improve Your Full Stack Skillset
Proficiency in Full Stack web development means investing a lot of dedication and years of hard work. Therefore, while investing in this profession may be challenging, many people have built admirable long-term careers in Full Stack development. You only need guidance and the correct skill set (6).
Now that you know the most in-demand Full Stack developer skills, in this section, you will learn more about boosting your Full Stack skillset as outlined below.
Pay Attention to Every Detail of a Good Web Page
What are the different sections that constitute a reliable website? Do you know all of them? If you want to hone your Full Stack developer skillset, you should treat this as a priority. Understanding these parts will help you code in numerous programming languages. That’s because you will have the chance to understand website standards better.
From the back-end database and server-side code to the front-end development and user interface, please understand how a website or application’s different pieces fit together. You will be better positioned to create functional and visually attractive web pages from scratch than your teammates.
Every professional Full Stack developer must adequately understand all the dos and don’ts of DevOps. Find out everything about DevOps principles and practices. But first, what is DevOps? Let us assume you are hearing the term DevOps for the first time. In that case, it refers to a set of processes and tools software developers use to automate website development and deployment.
In simpler terms, DevOps refers to a blend of cultural philosophies, tools, and practices. The aim here is to increase the ability of a business, company, or organization to deliver services and applications at high speed. If you want to improve your code’s quality by making your development process more effective, the recommendation is to leverage DevOps tools.
In addition, knowing the ins and outs of DevOps has other benefits. For example, it can increase your value in any software development team, thus offering you a competitive edge in today’s highly competitive job market.
Non-Technical Skills are an Added Advantage
Technical skills in today’s digital world play a significant role in ensuring you understand every aspect of software development and, in turn, deliver outcomes based on the requirements and specifications. Technical skills are vital, from coding in many programming languages to knowing how complex algorithms work.
However, as mentioned above, you need more than Full Stack development technical skills to become a competent developer. For example, communication skills will significantly help you communicate effectively with everyone. It includes exchanging information or ideas with everyone in your technical team and others who do not work in the technical department.
That is not all! Learning new skills quickly and using them effectively will go a long way in ensuring you are always ahead of time. Forget about being an expert at everything and learn non-technical skills, including creativity and problem-solving.
Prepare Yourself for an Interview
Preparing for an interview begins by working on your data structures and algorithms. For instance, ask yourself if you are well informed on the fundamentals of a linked list and how it works. Also, are you well conversant with calculating an algorithm’s time complexity?
It is essential to note that an interview can throw anything at you in the Full Stack development field. The interviewer will ask specific questions to determine whether you can explain your code concisely and clearly. This way, they will know if you properly grasp the projects. With this in mind, master the details of your code.
Additionally, getting ready for an interview goes beyond the technical aspects. Therefore, even as you master your code line by line, remember to dress professionally and be punctual, among other non-technical factors of the interview. Your first impression will significantly play a significant role in your upcoming Full Stack development interview.
Frequently Asked Questions About Full stack developer skill
What does a Full Stack Developer Do?
A Full Stack developer does many things, including developing client (front-end) and server (back-end) software—this individual masters CSS and HTML.
That is not all! Full Stack developers are also knowledgeable, talented, and experienced at programming servers and browsers. Therefore, these professionals know how to use the following tools;
In other words, a Full Stack developer designs user and client interactions on websites and applications. They are also responsible for developing coding for various mobile platforms, databases, and servers for website functionality.
Does a Full Stack Developer Require Coding?
Yes! Full Stack developer requires coding because they generally can only perform their duties by writing code. Full Stack developers’ code is usually helpful in fetching data from the database by executing relational mapping. Therefore, an in-depth understanding of how some well-known DBMS work is crucial. These include SQL SERVER and PostgreSQL, MySQL, Oracle Database, and MongoDB.
Which Language is Best for Full Stack Developers?
The best languages for Full Stack developers are Python, Node.js, PHP, C#, and ASP.NET. However, current projections state that HTML/CSS will likely become the most common and popular programming languages in the Full Stack development field in some decades. It is also believed that Node.js, Angular JS, React.js, and other newer languages will shape the future of Full Stack developers.
But that doesn’t mean that as a Full Stack developer, you should only limit yourself to these languages. It would be best to be good at other skills, including;
- Back-end technologies
- Fronted frameworks
- HTTP and REST
- Databases and web storage
- Soft skills like communication, problem-solving, creativity, curiosity to learn, etc.
What is Full-Stack Web Development?
A retail website is an excellent example of a Full Stack web development product. Such a website allows users to browse and buy products. Users can add or delete items from their cart, including other actions like making profile changes. Here some back-end business logic and front-end user interface are vital.
Who is a Full Stack Developer?
A Full Stack developer has the required knowledge, skills, and experience of the whole technology stack. Usually, Full Stack developers have invested much time learning this set of modern technologies necessary in developing end-to-end applications and websites efficiently and as quickly as possible. For instance, suppose a Full Stack developer wants to use the MEAN stack to create an app. In that case, they should be well conversant with Express, Node, MongoDB, and Angular (6).
“Full-stack developers often create small applications and websites on their own. For larger projects, they interact with UX designers, front-end developers, back-end developers, and other IT professionals.”
– Computer Science
A Full Stack developer has received proper training in judging whether the available technologies and tools are ideal for a specific project. The primary responsibility of a Full Stack developer is initiating a project development by selecting the right technologies for the task. They also write clean code in both the front-end and back-end.
What are the Must-Have Full Stack Developer skills?
That is not all. Other crucial Full Stack developer skills include.
- Version control
- Web hosting platforms
- Database management systems like SQL SERVER, PostgreSQL, MySQL, Oracle Database, and MongoDB.
Acquiring these Full Stack developer skills will help you become a competent developer in the long run. But the recommendation is to begin by enrolling for a bachelor’s degree in a related field. Such decisions will determine how well you can deploy and maintain web applications.
What are the vital back-end developer skills?
Vital back-end developer skills are needed to build a lasting career in back-end web development effectively. They typically include both technical and non-technical skills. According to Forbes Magazine, “this back-end has been said to be the engine of a website, as it is where developers get to define how the website will function.”
You will narrow down to these nine vital back-end development skills;
- Communication and other non-technical skills, like creativity, attention to detail, and problem-solving skills
If you look toward becoming a back-end developer soon or in the future, the recommendation is to look for formal training. For example, you can start by acquiring a bachelor’s degree in Advanced Mathematics, Computer Science, or both. As a back-end developer, you may be assigned more abstraction tasks than a front-end web developer. These tasks could include writing abstract algorithms, data mining, etc.
How Hard Is It to Become a Full Stack Developer?
It is relatively easy to become a Full Stack developer. Every profession has its ups and downs, and Full Stack development is not an exception, but the good news is that it is achievable with the right mindset and skillset. Therefore, if you want to work full-time as a Full Stack developer, it is essential to note that this path will take time. Becoming a Full Stack developer is not only about familiarizing yourself with the numerous back-end and front-end technologies.
With this in mind, you will invest your time and money to learn and understand how to make communication between these two key areas seamless and easy. In addition to understanding the front-end and back-end technologies in more detail, you must also be good at touch and problem-solving, among other non-technical skills. Remember that plenty of patience will help you polish your Full Stack developer skills as you advance.
Why Choose to Work with Sonatafy Technology
Since technology came into the picture, more and more businesses have realized the benefits of building an online presence. And that was made possible through websites and applications. That is where Full Stack development came in. This field continues growing and has become among the most sought-after professions.
And at Sonatafy Technology, we can help you with that. So, are you looking forward to making a career change? Or do you want to polish your current skills? Do not hesitate to contact Sonatafy today and learn more about how you can use our most dependable guidance and services to your maximum advantage. Our talented Full Stack developers are eager to take you through the process.
- Work closely with the product owner to build interactive, large scale web applications and PWAs- Forbes Quote
- Website development strategies have been evolving continuously over the past two decades or so. There are several reasons behind it, like improving infrastructure, higher bandwidths, more developers in the game, etc. – Forbes Quote
- The backend is where most of the magic happens. This backend has been said to be the engine of a website, as it is where developers get to define how the website will function. – Forbes Quote
- The BLS defines a software engineer as someone who “designs computer applications or programs.” Software engineers can work in just about any industry, even outside of tech. –Forbes Quote
- Full-stack developers often create small applications and websites on their own. For larger projects, they interact with UX designers, front-end developers, back-end developers, and other IT professionals. – Computer Science Quote