Fullstack Languages You Need to Learn in 2023 | Sonatafy
Everything You Wanted to Know About Fullstack Languages
Programmers typically use programming languages to communicate with computers. A set of rules in the various programming languages allow the conversion of string values into different ways of machine code generation. The case is different in visual programming languages, as the string value gets converted into graphical elements. To bring it into perspective, programmers accomplish a particular task by writing instructions in a specific programming language, say Java, C++, C, Python, etc..
Today, there are many programming languages for software developers to use. You may feel overwhelmed by the hundreds of programming languages, especially if you are a newcomer in the software development field. And remember that these programming languages come with idiosyncrasies and complexities. Plus, beginners often feel like deciding where to start is the most challenging part of learning programming languages.
Luckily, today, you no longer have to undergo all these pressures. Making your first steps into your software development journey helps you unearth the language that best suit you. In this case, you have to consider your career goals and interests. And as Forbes Magazine reports (1),
“A career without goals is like going on a journey without a map or GPS. You won’t know where you are, let alone where you are going.”
With all that said, we compiled the most in-demand and best full-stack languages in the list below. The most popular ones include Python, ASP.NET, Node.js, C#, and PHP. These programming languages are most commonly useful in mobile, game, web, and more.
But first, it is essential to understand some basics before diving deep into the full-stack languages you need to learn in 2023.
Who is a full-stack developer?
First things first! Who is a full-stack developer? From the brief introduction above, it is clear that a full-stack developer is a particular type of software engineer who specializes in programming languages. But to be more specific, full-stack developers are more skilled at designing web applications and whole websites. Forbes Magazine describes full stack developers as (2):
“Someone who understands how to code every level of a computer: from the fundamentals of server processes to back-end programming to database architecture and front-end design.”
They are typically knowledgeable in several programming languages that help them build and maintain the development of a web application’s back-end and front-end parts. The back end, or the server side, is behind-the-scenes processing and data storage. On the other hand, the front end or the client side is a website or web application section that users can see and interact with.
Moreover, full-stack developers’ job descriptions include debugging websites or web applications and working on databases. Since no single programming language can work in all full-stack development situations, full-stack developers must learn more than one programming language.
Full-stack developers mainly collaborate with text editors to use Visual Studio, Atom, Sublime, and other shortcuts and features. Their different skill sets enable them to work in-house or at a computer development firm.
Without further delay, it’s time to learn more about full-stack developers based on the various programming languages.
Back end development Languages You Should Know as a Full-Stack Developer
A full-stack developer uses full-stack developer languages to design and generate applications and websites for multiple platforms. They are specifically involved in developing and maintaining web services and interfaces, building new product features or APIs, contributing to front-end and back-end development processes, etc.
To become a full-stack developer, you must familiarize yourself with some of the following tools and languages.
HTML & CSS
Full stack developers use HTML, Hypertext Markup Language, to create web pages. As you may already know, elements like text and audio often define how a web page appears. HTML is a front-end technology that helps developers make applications and websites visually appealing and viable. HTML has been updated numerous times as the primary language for web development. For example, HTML’s latest version, HTML5, incorporates many features, making it one of the most exciting full-stack languages to learn. For instance, HTML5 helps you develop web applications that can effectively operate without requiring an internet connection. Another exciting part about learning HTML5 is that it allows you to add fresh graphics.
While HTML offers you the structure of the web page, CSS, which stands for Cascading Style Sheets, provides the layout for various devices. With HTML, authors only need the click of a button to retrieve online information through hypertext. Furthermore, HTML helps you publish online documents with text, lists, headings, tables, photos, etc. Designing forms for executing transactions with remote services is more manageable with HTML than with any other programming language.
From HTML’s definition, the language uses markup to help authors describe the structure of web pages. When authors want to include applications like video clips, sound clips, and spreadsheets directly into their documents, HTML provides them with the means to do precisely that.
Unlike HTML, CSS language typically describes web pages’ presentation. And that includes layout, fonts, and colors. In other words, CSS affects your web page’s appearance. So, how it will feel and look entirely depends on its CSS code. And as Forbes Magazine reports (3),
“CSS (a.k.a., Cascading Style Sheets) is like the yin to HTML’s yang: It’s the code that formats and styles HTML content. By changing just a little CSS, you can completely change how a web page or other digital content looks.”
With CSS, you can quickly adapt the presentation to small screens, large screens, printers, and other gadgets. Since CSS is an independent language, you can use it with any XML-based markup programming language. This separation from HTML language makes sharing style sheets across pages, modifying pages to multiple environments, and maintaining sites easier.
“Java is one of the most universally used programming languages and covers many applications. It is so commonly used that you can find this learning of great value to you.”
Thanks to many dedicated full-stack developer languages available today, server-side programming are possible. But among all these languages, Python has increasingly gained popularity. It is a back-end programming language that Guido van Rossum created and released later in 1991. This popular programming language is mainly used for server-side web development (https://sonatafy.com/python-web-stack/), mathematics, and software development. It also plays a vital role in system scripting.
So, why should you learn Python? Learning Python exposes you to platforms like Mac, Raspberry Pi, Windows, Linux, etc. If you wonder why most of your friends always talk about Python, remember that as versatile as it is, it is widely used in data science, Machine Learning, and numerous other fields. And that’s without forgetting that it also finds applications in back-end web development. Forbes Magazine reported that the creator of Python (5):
“…he saw an opportunity to create a better language and also realized that the open-source model would be ideal for bolstering innovation and adoption.”
With a simple syntax similar to the English language, learning Python is effortless for a beginner. The language’s precise syntax makes learning new things and interpreting the code more straightforward. This full-stack developer language features a syntax that allows you to use fewer lines than other languages when writing programs. Furthermore, you can treat Python in an object-oriented, practical, or procedural way. With Python, a full-stack developer can execute code immediately after writing it because the programming language typically runs on an interpreter system.
There are many things that you can do with Python language. It is an essential tool for creating web applications. You can also use it alongside software to develop workflows. The language also finds massive applications in production-ready software development or rapid prototyping. But here is the thing! It would help if you learned the Django framework for back-end web development. Django framework is typically developed in Python and is easier to understand than other frameworks. Mozilla and Spotify are examples of big firms whose systems are built on the Django framework.
Python was designed with readability in mind, making it simple and flexible. Therefore, it has earned the trust of many programmers and developers who consider it their preferred choice.
One advantage of this technology stack is that it results in faster development and deployment of the web application. In addition, beginners can familiarize themselves with only a few full-stack developer languages to use the MEAN stack. According to Forbes Magazine (6),
“…you need to choose a robust and scalable tech stack that can support a high volume of transactions. Popular choices include Ruby on Rails, Express.js, and Node.js.”
Each framework of the MEAN stack serves a unique purpose. Let’s begin with MongoDB. It is a document-oriented database that helps full-stack developers build highly scalable and available internet applications. The web framework comes with a flexible schema approach that makes it well-known with development teams that use agile methodologies. Express.js, on the other hand, is a framework you can use to build web applications and make API. It is characteristically a web framework built on Node.js.
The front-end AngularJS is an open-source framework that Google Team developed to help developers use HTML as their template language. Furthermore, the structural framework for dynamic web apps allows software developers to extend HTML’s syntax, thus expressing their applications’ components briefly and clearly.
“first appeared in 1991 and has become extremely popular among data scientists. Next on the ranking was Java, also a versatile language.”
And remembering that PHP is also helpful in sending and receiving cookies.
But before going any further into this language, it would be best to have a basic understanding of what PHP is all about. First, PHP is an acronym. It is “PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.” This widely-used, open-source scripting language is typically free to download and use. Plus, you can execute its scripts on the server. And did you know that PHP is at the center of WordPress, one of the most effective blogging systems on the web? That’s enough proof that this unique and popular language is powerful enough.
Now that you are familiar with the basics of PHP, it is time to go into details. So, if you have been wondering what you can do with PHP, here are the answers. First, PHP can help you perform functions such as creating, opening, reading, writing, deleting, and closing files on the server. Additionally, this back-end technology can collect form data, add, delete, and modify data in your database, and encrypt data. Also, PHP can be your go-to language if you want to control user access.
Here is some good news for beginners. While PHP is deep enough to run massive social networks, it is easy enough to be your first server-side programming language to learn. Sometimes you may ask yourself why you should choose to learn PHP. PHP is seamlessly compatible and runs on various platforms, including Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, Unix, etc. Also, this language supports many databases and is compatible with IIS, Apache, and most servers in use today.
Another advantage of learning PHP is that it runs efficiently on the server. You should have enough knowledge of front- and back-end technologies to become a PHP full-stack developer. All competent application developers boast skills like designing, testing, and implementing software in PHP.
Are you interested in developing creative designs? If your answer is yes, we have some good news for you. Ruby is an object-oriented language, making it a leading programming language for developing creative designs. Many web developers prefer using this language simply because Ruby’s coding techniques are simple and effective. Yukihiro Matsumoto of Japan created the programming language in 1993. Although Smalltalk is also a true and perfect object-oriented language like Ruby, you will find it much easier to use Ruby syntax than Smalltalk syntax.
But here is the thing. While you can freely find Ruby on the web, the open-source language is usually subject to a license.
This general-purpose and interpreted full-stack programming language is primarily helpful in developing web and mobile applications. It helps full-stack developers build social platforms, online stores, and SaaS. Have you ever heard or come across the term ‘opinionated software?” That’s Ruby’s alternative terminology because it is perfect at offering predictions for what you require while programming. In other words, it focuses on productivity and simplicity. Therefore, learning Ruby can boost your productivity significantly. When you start using Ruby, you can clear your doubts about whether this dynamic programming language is recommended for full-stack development.
You can use Ruby to write Common Gateway Interface (CGI) scripts. The language features an easy and clean syntax that lets you (or any new full-stack developer) learn super-fast without limitations. Plus, programmers widely use it to develop internet and intranet apps. And that’s remembering that you can install Ruby in Windows and POSIX environments. Connecting this language to MySQL, Sybase, DB2, and Oracle is easy.
You will need a few items to perform all the tasks named above. For example, you will need one of the latest computers like Intel Core i3 OR i5. You should ensure that the computer features a minimum RAM of 2GB. But we recommend 4GB of RAM. You will also need the Apache web server, Linux or Windows 7 operating system, Ruby 1.8.5, and a web browser.
Perl, or in long form Practical Extraction and Report Language, was initially developed for text manipulation purposes. This high-level, general-purpose, and interpreted programming language features frameworks like the Catalyst, Dancer, Mojolicious, and others that help simplify web development and deployment. Today, Perl is widely used by full-stack developers for numerous tasks. These tasks include web development, GUI development, system administration, network programming, and more. The language also supports procedural and object-oriented programming. This general-purpose language boasts many similarities to C language syntactically. Therefore, if you have prior knowledge of C and C++, you will have an easy time learning and coding in Perl.
It is essential to note that Perl is not an official acronym. The language is widely applicable in mission-critical projects in the private and public sectors. It can handle texts and glue systems. Furthermore, this stack language’s rapid development cycle and text manipulation capabilities helped it maintain a top position among the most popular web programming languages. In addition to handling e-commerce transactions and other encrypted Web data, Perl can speed up processing by as much as 2000 percent by embedding the language into web servers.
More than 20,000 third-party modules are available from the Comprehensive Perl Archive Network, making this language extensible. This interpreted language easily interfaces with external C or C++ libraries via SWIG or XS. And that’s without forgetting that Perl supports Unicode. With all these in mind, you might be tempted to think that Perl is challenging to learn at first. But the truth is that Perl is one of the easiest programming languages to learn. As mentioned earlier, Perl keeps getting easier to understand if you have ever written a C or C++ program. It resembles most full-stack languages and tools, including a shell script, a BASIC program, or even an awk script.
Like Ruby, C++ is a general-purpose and object-oriented language for coders. Programmers often use this cross-platform language when creating high-performance applications. Bjarne Stroustrup originally developed C++ as an extension to C. But today, C++ has gained a global application in operating systems, applications, and browser development. C++ is also widely used in software engineering, in-game programming, data structures, and many other areas. Forbes Magazine continues to emphasize that (8):
“C++ will make you a better Python programmer… C will make you a better Objective-C programmer.”
If you want high control over your system resources and memory, consider learning and using the C++ language. Plus, did you know that C++ has received four major updates? It was first updated to C++11 in 2011. The 2017 C++17 update came after the 2014 C++14 update. The language received its last update in 2020 to C++20. The best thing about learning C++ is that the language is friendly to new full-stack developers. But what makes it beginner-friendly? It is possible to write it in simple English.
If you are wondering why you should use C++, worry no more. The server-side web development programming language has a wide range of applications. Let’s begin by mentioning that C++ is among the most popular programming languages globally. You are more likely to find this coding language in today’s Graphical User Interfaces, embedded systems, and operating systems than in any other language. Another beneficial feature of C++ is that it significantly lowers development costs. Here is how! As an object-oriented programming language, C++ provides programs with a clear structure while allowing developers to reuse code.
You can use C++ language quickly and efficiently since the language gives you portability. Therefore, with C++ language, full-stack developers can develop applications adaptable to multiple platforms. To answer any queries you may have on whether C++ is helpful for full-stack web development, we recommend you begin learning or using this programming language.
But don’t get it twisted. C++ is not similar to C. Although C++ was developed as C’s extension, with the two languages having almost similar syntax, C language does not support classes and objects, and C++ does.
Typically, web developers use SQL when accessing the required data from databases. It stands for Structured Query Language, and developers can use it on data-driven websites. SQL can access and take care of data in MySQL, Sybase, and Oracle database systems. In other words, this special-purpose programming language is a standard way for software developers to access and manipulate databases. In 1986, this computer language became a standard of ANSI, the American National Standards Institute. One year later (in 1987), SQL became a standard of ISO, the International Organization for Standardization.
The first Structured Query Language appeared in 1974, four years after the father of relational databases, Dr. Edgar F. Codd of IBM, described a relational model for databases in 1970. Four years later (in 1978), IBM released a product (System/R) after working to develop Codd’s ideas. Later in 1986, IBM developed the relational database’s debut prototype, and the American National Standards Institute standardized it. Relational software released the opening relational database the same year. Later, people came to know it as Oracle.
SQL can help you achieve so many things. From executing queries against a database to inserting records in a database, retrieving data from a database, and updating records in a database, there is a lot that SQL can do. Additionally, full-stack developers use SQL when;
- Creating new databases
- Deleting records from databases
- Creating views in databases
- Creating stored procedures in databases
- Setting permissions on tables, policies, and views
- Creating new tables in databases
As mentioned above, this stack language is the Relational Database System’s standard language. Therefore, MS Access, MySQL, Informix, Sybase, SQL Server, Postgres, and all the other Relational Database Management Systems (RDMS) use Structured Query Language as their standard database language.
While the SQL process can be challenging for beginners, it gets simpler with time as you learn the language. For example, it is essential to note that the system determines the best way to complete a developer’s request when executing an SQL command for any Relational Data Management System (RDBMS). The SQL engine then works out how to best interpret that task.
The components included in the above process include Optimization Engines, SQL Query Engines, Query Dispatcher, Classic Query Engine, and more.
full stack development Skills needed to become a Full Stack Developer
A full-stack developer depends on several skills to deliver quality applications and websites. The entire depth of a computer system application can be tricky to understand and manage if you lack these essential skills;
- Back-end technologies and frameworks
- Front-end languages frameworks
- Version control
- Database management systems
- Web hosting platforms
In addition to the above technical skills, you also need to possess some basic soft skills, as highlighted below;
- Analytical skills are helpful when analyzing information. They also play a central role in making logical and data-driven decisions.
- Creativity helps you develop a product that meets the client’s specifications and engages the target audience. A creative full-stack developer understands the project’s objectives before working on it.
- You need problem-solving skills to help you detect any errors in your work, thus creating an application free from bugs.
- Time management skills help ensure you execute your tasks appropriately and meet the set deadlines.
- Lastly, you must have strategic planning skills to help streamline the entire process.
But how and where do you get started pursing this career? At Sonatafy we care about both our clients and candidates. That why we’ve written an entire article about this. Click here for more information.
Frequently Asked Questions About Fullstack Languages
What languages for fullstack or full stack developers?
Today, the languages for full stack range from Python, C#, Node.js, PHP, ASP.NET, SQL, C++, etc. These are among the most popular programming languages that new full-stack developers can learn to benefit their long-term career growth. However, the future might have something else in store. According to predictions, HTML/CSS might be the most common coding language for full-stack developers in the coming decades. Plus, there are newer ones like React.js, Node.js, and AngularJS.
With the number of full-stack developers rising every day, it is interesting how most focus on either the back end or the front end. But one thing is for sure! To become a competent full-stack developer, you must be good at more than one programming language. These languages include Ruby, PHP, Python, Java, etc. We recommend striving to become a multilingual developer due to its high demand.
Is Python a Full Stack Language?
Yes! Python is a full-stack language. Today, multiple full-stack developer programming languages are typically dedicated to server-side coding. But Python remains to be the most popular server-side programming language. The versatile Python language is usually applied in numerous fields. The most common examples include back-end web development, Machine Learning, and data science. Other popular and expected uses of Python include mathematics, software development, and system scripting.
Generally, you can use Python language on a server when creating web applications. Full-stack developers also use this language when connecting to database systems and reading and modifying files. They also find Python helpful when using it alongside software to develop workflows. Many full-stack developers globally consider Python an ideal programming language for full-stack development. According to them, Python features a wide range of capabilities.
Therefore, if you are interested in full-stack development, Python is an equally valuable programming language. It is among the top languages for modern back-end web development.
What do Software Developers Do?
Software developers typically use multiple tools and skills when designing, programming, building, deploying, and maintaining software. They are individuals with deep knowledge and understanding of software programming and development. If you intend to become a software developer soon, you must note that your responsibilities range from implementing software design and analysis to writing programming code. Sometimes the team that a software developer works with may develop software that contains bugs. In such cases, the software developer should act immediately by detecting and eliminating these bugs that may otherwise compromise the quality of the software.
Is Java a Fullstack Language?
Yes, Java is a full-stack language. Today, website development agencies and tech firms are always looking for software developers experienced in coding, building, and designing in front-end and back-end technologies. And that’s one of the reasons there is an incredibly high demand for Java full-stack developers. In the early days of the internet, Java became one of the widely used programming languages in the web development division. A good understanding and knowledge of Java language can be advantageous in android application development, desktop applications, and web development.
You also have a good chance of specializing in front-end programming, typically user-facing programming or back-end programming. Back-end programming refers to the part that mainly developers see, or in other terms, server-side programming. Alternatively, some developers choose to specialize in both. That said, a full-stack Java programmer is familiar with front-end and back-end development. The developer is also adequately trained in the Java language.
What are the Differences Between Front-End and Back-End Programming?
The differences between front-end and back-end programming are straightforward. If you are new to full-stack development, it is essential to note that front-end and back-end programming are two different areas in coding. Front-end programming focuses more on a website or an application’s visual aspects. In other words, this development focuses on the sections that end users can see and interact with. Front-end programmers typically create the feel and look of a program and ensure that the final front-end side changes how the database presents the information to the end user.
On the other side, back-end programming revolves around the database structure, database programming, and database in general. It refers to the practice of back-end programmers doing a lot of the technical work, focusing on everything users can’t see on a website. In other words, back-end programming equals working on server-side software. The back-end programmers must concentrate on working with the database to ensure the website performs as intended. As a back-end programmer, you will also focus on Application Programming Interfaces (APIs), servers, back-end logic, and architecture.
Is C++ a Full Stack Language?
C++ is a widely used full-stack language for competitive programming and a popular back-end programming language. The language is today used to maintain the existing full-stack applications initially written in C++. And it is true that many companies still use C++ language. It is among the most used programming languages and finds applications in big companies like Microsoft. C++ is the primary language in most of Microsoft’s products, from Windows 98 to 2000, XP, Windows 7, 8, 8.1, and 10. And that also includes Word, PowerPoint, and Excel.
That’s only part of it, as the game industry operates in C++. This server-side web development language is also used to write Android and almost all frameworks of AI. As an object-oriented and general-purpose language, you can write C++ in simple English, which is friendly to beginners. This language’s high-level performance and code reusability make it a perfect match for full-stack web developers.
Want to Learn More About Full Stack Languages? Consider Sonatafy!
As we wind up this insightful, full-stack languages article, we all can agree that the web development world needs full-stack development as a growing developer trend. Plus, full-stack development is among the most rewarding and lucrative developer positions if you desire to involve yourself with each aspect of your project.
Although many other programming languages are available for full-stack development, including Ruby on Rails, the ones mentioned above can get you started. If you are still trying to figure out how to create this career path, don’t worry because our experienced full-stack developers at Sonatafy Technology are always ready to help.
Therefore, don’t hesitate to contact Sonatafy to find out more about full-stack web development and matching programming languages.
- A career without goals is like going on a journey without a map or GPS. You won’t know where you are, let alone where you are going. – Forbes Quote
- Someone who understands how to code every level of a computer: from the fundamentals of server processes to back-end programming to database architecture and front-end design. – Forbes Quote
- CSS (a.k.a., Cascading Style Sheets) is like the yin to HTML’s yang: It’s the code that formats and styles HTML content. By changing just a little CSS, you can completely change how a web page or other digital content looks – Forbes Quote
- Java is one of the most universally used programming languages and covers many applications. It is so commonly used that you can find this learning of great value to you. – Forbes Quote
- …he saw an opportunity to create a better language and also realized that the open-source model would be ideal for bolstering innovation and adoption. – Forbes Quote
- …you need to choose a robust and scalable tech stack that can support a high volume of transactions. Popular choices include Ruby on Rails, Express.js, and Node.js. – Forbes Quote
- First appeared in 1991 and has become extremely popular among data scientists. Next on the ranking was Java, also a versatile language. – Forbes Quote
- C++ will make you a better Python programmer… C will make you a better Objective-C programmer. – Forbes Quote